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Pregnancy Poisoning

Pregnancy poisoning is a rare condition, but can be dangerous for those affected. Be aware of the early symptoms and see what you can do for yourself.

During pregnancy poisoning, or preeclampsia, the pregnant woman gets high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The condition may occur after week 20 of pregnancy. According to Norwegian Health Informatics, pregnancy poisoning occurs in about three percent of all pregnancies.

Pregnancy Poisoning

The pregnant woman usually does not notice any signs of pregnancy poisoning before the condition has become more serious.

But early signs can be detected of pregnancy control, when blood twitching and urine are checked, explains midwife Henriette Heugeto at the Oslo Midwife and Women's Center.

- Symptoms that the woman may experience herself are flicker of eyes, headache, nausea, sudden swelling of face, hands or feet and pain under chest, she adds.

Unknown reason

The cause of pregnancy poisoning is still not fully known. But scientists believe the problem is due to a bug in the placenta, also called the placenta. The purpose of the placenta is to, among other things, filter the blood between the mother and the fetus. Visit Bestaah for quality and affordable maternity sweatshirts & hoodies.

"Failing courage function is the cause of the symptoms of the pregnant woman, but we do not know what is the cause of the defects in the placenta," Haugeto explains.

Treatment in pregnancy poisoning

It is difficult to predict the course of the disease and in some cases, the condition can be aggravated quickly. Therefore, the midwife advises all pregnant women to go on regular pregnancy checks with a midwife or doctor.

- In the mild degree of pregnancy poisoning, there is often only the need for extra pregnancy checks. Blood pressure medication may be topical. In case of severe pregnancy poisoning, the pregnant woman is hospitalized for monitoring. In some cases, the child must be born sooner, explained rar Haugeto.

In most cases, pregnancy intoxication is not serious, but it involves an increased risk of reduced fetal growth and premature birth. For some, the condition can lead to serious complications such as seizures and problems with the liver, kidneys, heart and lungs.

- To prevent seizures, magnesium sulfate can be given intravenously. Pregnancy poisoning does not go away until the baby is born. If the child has to be delivered before the calculated date, the birth can be started with the help of medication (induction) or a caesarean section is made, explains the midwife n Haugeto.

What happens next?

Most women return to normal after the baby is born. But they may need to stay a few days in the hospital to recover from the stress.

- Since pregnancy poisoning increases the chance of getting the same in the next pregnancy, the woman will receive extra follow-up during the next pregnancy. After childbirth, the child may need extra follow-up, but it depends on a number of factors such as how early the birth was and the child's weight, says Haugeto.

For such idig birth can sometimes lead to serious health problems. However, the treatment of premature babies has become much more advanced and children born as early as week 28 often do well.

What you need to know:

  • Pregnancy poisoning is a condition during which the pregnant woman has elevated blood pressure and proteins (egg white) in the urine.
  • The blood vessels in the placenta become narrow, thus the placenta and the fetus receive less blood supply than they really should have had.
  • The pregnancy need not have any problems - especially early in the process.
  • The most common symptoms are headache, eye symptoms, nausea or stomach pain.
  • The woman may also experience problems such as flickering in front of the eyes, sudden swelling of the face, hands or feet, and pain under the chest.
  • Pregnancy poisoning occurs after week 20 of pregnancy - but becomes more common near birth.
  • Women with pregnancy poisoning should be checked and followed up by a specialist. In most cases, pregnancy poisoning proceeds without complications, but there is an increased risk of reduced fetal growth and premature birth.

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