Pain is a natural part of childbirth, but there is no
reason to try to endure it. Here you get an overview of
the different types of pain relief.
There is a great
deal of excitement associated with childbirth, and most
people have expectations of how to do it. Even when it
comes to pain relief. It is not so good, says Good times
birth expert and midwife Cecilia Kleven.
- All births are different and there is so much that
affects the need for pain relief. We have different pain
limits and some are not prepared for the intensity of
the birth pains before they come. Therefore, it is
important to have an open mind about birth and not to
decide one or the other in advance. A delivery can
quickly deviate from planning and then in the worst case
scenario it can feel like a defeat for the woman, she
Preparation is important for childbirth
Although we can never quite know what awaits us in
the delivery department, it is smart to be clear about
what happens to the body during childbirth and what you
can do and get for pain relief.
- For example, some relaxation and breathing
exercises can contribute to better pain management
during labor. In addition, there are a number of factors
that can affect pain in different directions. Fear and
stress negatively affect the pain and it can therefore
be wise to talk to the midwife about what you are afraid
of before giving birth. Sufficient food and drink, as
well as a good night's sleep, also gives you better
conditions to cope with the aches and pains that come,
says Kleven. Visit Bestaah
for quality and affordable maternity accessories.
She recommends everyone to take a birth preparation
course to be equipped to handle the pain in the best
Methods for pain relief
Here is an overview of the most common pain
relief methods offered at Swedish hospitals today.
Several of these can be combined.
Small amounts of sterile water are injected under the
skin into the lower back or abdomen. It feels like wasp
sting and burns for a few seconds. Severe back or
abdominal pain can disappear for a period of time and
give women a good opportunity to succeed with
There are acupuncture points that reduce the pain
experience, increase relaxation and reduce nausea.
Acupuncture can also affect the work itself.
The needles are often set at points that reduce
tension and increase relaxation.
Bath and / or shower
Many women find that a hot shower or bath has a
soothing and pain-relieving effect. You feel less
stressed, afraid and anxiety can subside somewhat, which
in turn contributes to a mental and physical relaxation.
Endorphin levels will also increase due to well-being in
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
Electrodes with low voltage current are placed in
painful areas. The intention is to distract from the
pain. TENS can have an effect on back pain during the
early opening phase during labor.
Pain in the back and over the symphysis (pubic bone)
can be attenuated by adding a heating pad filled with
warm water, or a rice bag heated in the microwave.
Guidance on breathing techniques
If you are tense and breathe superficially, this can
enhance the pain experience. The instinctive response to
pain is often tension and resistance. During childbirth,
breathing can help you deal with the pain instead of
fighting it. The midwife can tell you about simple
breathing techniques that you can use during childbirth.
These are also wise to practice before coming to the
maternity ward. Ask your midwife at the health center or
take a childbirth preparation course.
Pain relief can be blocked and diverted during
massage so you experience less pain. Everything from
light caressing, deep rubbing to continuous pressure can
do good. It is perfect to take the partner to help
massage. The midwife can also be helpful.
Medical pain relief
Epidural is a "spinal cord anesthesia" that must be
done by specially trained staff. When you get spinal
anesthesia, a needle is inserted between two vertebrae
and further into the epidural space, where a plastic
tube is inserted. Through this plastic slurry,
anesthetics are injected and you can get continuous pain
relief. There is a small risk of complications where
side effects can be headaches, itching, back pain, low
blood pressure and problems with emptying the bladder.
One side effect of taking epi dural is that the delivery
process can stop and that the delivery will take longer.
At the same time, the anesthetic makes the woman relax,
which can then contribute to a faster delivery.
Inhale through a mask. Not all delivery departments
can offer nitrous oxide. The gas makes you more relaxed,
and it can reduce the pain during the pain. A good thing
about nitrous oxide is that it acts quickly and that the
effect diminishes as quickly. It is therefore best to
inhale nitrous oxide both before and during the pains.
If used properly, nitrous oxide has no significant side
effects - it does not affect the child and does not
Nervous anesthesia (“pillow anesthetic”)
This is an anesthetic that is put with syringe in two
places around the vagina. It acts as a local anesthetic
and thus makes you feel the pressure from the child's
head less. This type of anesthesia is particularly good
at forceps, vacuum and seat deliveries, and if larger
cracks need to be sewn. The disadvantage of this type of
anesthesia is that it becomes more difficult to feel
when to crush, and that the pain can be inhibited or
Rules of thumb for pain relief during childbirth:
- Have an open mind and have no expectations of
what the birth will be like.
- Relaxation and breathing exercises help during
- There are several natural methods that can
relieve pain, besides medical.